Author: Geek Computer
Saturday, January 28, 2023

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager


What Is Desktop Window Manager (dwm.exe)? Desktop Window Manager or dwm.exe can be an integral part of Windows OS. These system processes are essential to controlling various responsibilities, including providing interface functions between devices like Mac, Windows, and Linux OS.

It is also important to note that a significant part of these system processes comes with specific types of user graphic interfaces, network connections, and much more. For example, when you view the visual effects on your window's desktop, everything that you see is generated from these processes:

  • Taskbar thumbnails
  • Transparent windows
  • 3D animations


This means that the Desktop Window Manager will also need a certain amount of resources like CPU and GPU to run correctly and efficiently to perform the functions required.

Here's how these processes work in the background and a few more things you should know about Desktop Window Manager (dwm.exe).

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

1. Windows Memory is used for Visual Effects Storage

When the users open a specific type of software, its designs are logged into the memory of Windows. And once this design is in its memory, the software's visual effects are generated, then displayed on the Windows desktop.

Though many different processes are being manipulated in the background, this entire process appears seamless and effortless to each of its users. This is primarily because a specific type of hardware acceleration is used to produce the desired effects.

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

2. Latest Desktop Window Manager Updates - Version Windows 10

As mentioned above, the operation of Desktop Window Manager runs in the background. Therefore, the latest version of the Windows 10 update has many different responsibilities. If you do your research, you will most likely find that the newer version does a wide range of other essential things like:

  • Managing glass window frames
  • Manipulating 3D window transitions and animations
  • Supports high-resolution system needs

To accomplish these tasks effectively, it is also important to note that jobs are run in the background using a sector of Windows processor.

3. Problems with High CPU Usage and Desktop Windows Manager

If you are concerned about the CPU usage required to run Desktop Windows manager, this should not be a concern. However, since both the standard window and new themes do not take full power to apply these visual effects, a large portion of the system processes is optional.

On the other hand, if there is a problem with a high level of CPU usage, there could be a problem with the systems' configuration or the hardware in the computer. Or, there is also a possibility that the computer is much older. In these situations, the visual effects in this process can affect the performance of these devices. This means you may need to troubleshoot to identify the exact problems you are encountering. Precisely when the CPU usage is excessively high and will need to be corrected before you can use your computer to complete the activities you are presently working on.

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

4. Identifying and Fixing CPU Usage and Desktop Windows Manager Problems with the Appropriate Fix

At some point, a Windows user may experience problems that may be difficult to identify, Particularly if these issues are isolated to the overuse of the CPU and the desktop Window manager. Unfortunately, these problems can adversely affect many things that must be fixed before the Windows 10 Operating System or other versions freezes up or crashes.

Also, before you can address these problems will need to know how much CPU is presently being used. For example, you can check this information by logging into Windows and clicking Task manager.

  • After the r task manager is opened, you will need to look for the dwm.exe process
  • The next step is to check the CPU usage
  • Once you know how much is being used by Desktop Window Manager on your computer, you can do additional research to find out why. The reasons why are usually based on several f, including are 4 of the most commonly known today.
  • The user has too many processes opened and running in the background.
  • Windows 10 is currently experiencing some performance issues.
  • The applications and software you have installed are not working as they should.
  • You need to install a different driver because the current driver is incompatible with your systems.

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

5. Simple Desktop Window Manager CPU Fixes that You Can Do Yourself

If you are experiencing these problems with your computer at home, you may need more resources to fix it properly if you have identified the issues. On the other hand, once you have discovered the reasons or reasons for the overuse of your CPU, some simple key things can provide you with the additional memory your computer needs. For example, if you want to free up more CPU space, here are some quick fixes that can correct virtually any issues affecting your computer performance.

To reduce the amount of CPU used in the background for Windows Desktop manager, one of the first things that you may want to do is:

  1. Change out the theme and the wallpaper to reduce the CPU usage
  2. Do a clean boot to free up CPU space
  3. Update display drivers and Windows 10 to correct any compatibility issues
  4. Check for your computer for any types of viruses or malware
  5. Uninstall applications that you do not need or want
  6. Disable features like screen saver and hardware acceleration utilities
  7. Adjust your computer configurations for the best performance
  8. Use your performance troubleshooter to identify any problems that will need to be addressed

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

6. What is Normal Desktop Window Management “ GPU Usage."

In some cases, a user's problems may be related to GPU (Graphic Processor Unit) usage instead of CPU (Central Processor Unit) usage. Therefore, if this is the problem that the user is experiencing, they may need to take different measures to correct the issues that arise.

Typically, when the issue is DWM (Desktop Windows Manager)/ GPU (Graphical Processor Unit) software problems, the user or a computer technician may have a wide range of underlying issues that needs troubleshooting. For instance, some of the problems may need to be researched to see what needs to be fixed.

  • The Graphic Driver may be corrupt or outdated, but the graphic driver may need to be re-installed to correct these and other related issues.
  • The version of Windows that has been installed is outdated, but when this is the situation, the performance of Windows must be updated with a later version.
  • Drivers for Intel CPUs may need to be updated to fix the issues.
  • The user needs to disable the computer's GPU Hardware Acceleration to reduce the usage
  • Nvidia Control panels settings have not been configured correctly
  • The system files are either damaged/corrupted

Everything You Need to Know About (Dwm.exe) Desktop Window Manager

It is also important to note that the user needs to know the average percentage of GPU usage before these problems can be adequately addressed. Usually, the typical GPU Desktop Windows Manager percentage range is about 1 to 3 percent. Therefore, if the GPU percentage is abnormally above these ranges, the user will need to look for the above issues to reduce usage to the usual standard.


As you can see, the Desktop Windows Manager provides an essential function for each affected Windows Operating System, mainly since it primarily generates the graphics needed for things like taskbar thumbnails, 3D animations, Wallpapers, and transparent windows.

Also, to perform these functions efficiently, a certain amount of CPU usage is required to complete these processes. Therefore, Window computer users must understand how these processes work in the background and what to do if the CPU usage for these functions is excessively high.

Thankfully, there is a massive volume of online information on these topics that explain what technical measures should be taken. From learning how to troubleshoot the problems encountered to identifying a fix that the user can do without a computer technician, many steps to resolve these problems are simple and easy. Some of the most common include doing a clean boot to free up CPU space, updating the display drivers and Windows 10 to correct problems with different kinds of compatibility issues, checking the computer for viruses and malware security compromises and risks, uninstalling applications that eat up too much CPU, disabling features like a screen saver that slows down the performance of the computer, and adjusting the computer configurations to get the best performance. These problems can be addressed and fixed by following the information provided to users above.

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