Author: Newton Waweru
Thursday, June 22, 2023

What are the 3 Main Pillars of Cybersecurity Internet Safety

I understand cybersecurity can be complex and daunting, but don't worry - I'm here to help. As someone who has researched this topic extensively, I'll share the three main pillars of cybersecurity clearly and concisely, ensuring you gain a solid understanding. 

As a whole, the three main pillars of cybersecurity can be understood as people, process, and technology, which together establish a comprehensive approach to protect information systems and digital assets.

Explore the 3 Core Components of Cybersecurity: People, Process, and Technology. Uncover how they synergize to build a robust security framework. Read on for best practices, case studies, and actionable steps to strengthen your organization's cybersecurity defenses.

What are the 3 Main Pillars of Cybersecurity? Internet Safety

What are the 3 Main Pillars of Cybersecurity Internet Safety

The three main pillars of cybersecurity are people, processes, and technology. These pillars form a comprehensive approach to protecting digital assets and maintaining security. People play a crucial role, as trained and aware individuals can identify and mitigate risks.

Processes establish procedures and policies to guide actions in response to security incidents. Technology provides the tools, systems, and infrastructure to safeguard information and prevent unauthorized access.

A well-rounded cybersecurity strategy incorporates all three pillars, ensuring a strong defense against threats. However, it is essential to understand that the effectiveness of the approach relies on continuous adaptation to the ever-evolving threat landscape, as well as the ongoing collaboration and improvement of each pillar. Neglecting any one of these aspects could leave a system vulnerable to cyberattacks.

Who Are the People in Cyber Security?

What are the 3 Main Pillars of Cybersecurity Internet Safety

The "People" aspect is a fundamental pillar of cybersecurity, encompassing two primary factors:

  • Having skilled security professionals.
  • Highlighting end users' crucial role in maintaining an organization's security.

The Human Perimeter

Individuals within an organization create a human perimeter and can determine whether its infrastructure remains secure or becomes susceptible to attack. Human mistakes or interactions, however, are often the primary cause of security breaches.

Employee Cybersecurity Responsibility

All employees, from top to bottom, must understand their responsibility in detecting and preventing cyber threats. This involves:

  • Knowing how to manage data.
  • Recognizing phishing schemes or social engineering attempts.
  • Securing their devices.

The Role of Security Education

Comprehensive and ongoing security education enhances user behavior and promotes security awareness. Training should be customized for your organization, providing easy-to-follow steps for users. This includes:

  • Clear guidance on generating robust and unique passwords.
  • Identifying suspicious links.
  • Reporting unusual activity.
  • Regular assessment of employee performance for training effectiveness.
  • Regular follow-ups and updates to ensure adoption and engagement.

The Role of IT Professionals

It is also vital to have access to individuals with the necessary expertise to guide and support improved security measures. This could be an IT team responsible for:

  • Managing, monitoring, and updating IT systems and environments.
  • Addressing security risks.
  • Implementing effective management policies for identity and access.

The Role of Managed Service Providers (MSPs)

Maintaining a comprehensive and specialized cybersecurity team may only sometimes be feasible or practical, especially for smaller businesses. As a result, many organizations turn to Managed Service Providers (MSPs) for IT security management. This approach allows enterprises to access top-notch skills and knowledge at a more affordable price. When in-house resources are limited, partnering with an IT provider with a team of security experts can develop and implement security policies, training programs, and solutions that help minimize cyber risks in the workplace.

What Are Cyber Security Processes?

What are the 3 Main Pillars of Cybersecurity Internet Safety

Cybersecurity processes are a critical pillar in the triumvirate of people, processes, and technology, forming a comprehensive approach to protecting digital assets and maintaining security. These processes refer to the procedures, policies, and guidelines that govern an organization's approach to managing cybersecurity risks and responding to security incidents.

Processes can be categorized into several stages: identification, protection, detection, response, and recovery. Each step plays a crucial role in a cybersecurity framework and ensures the organization's preparedness to face threats effectively.

Identification involves assessing an organization's digital assets, determining potential risks, and evaluating the possible impact of these risks. Appropriate security measures can be implemented by identifying vulnerabilities and understanding the organization's risk tolerance.

Protection processes implement safeguards and controls to prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, and other cyber threats. This stage often includes establishing firewalls, encryption, access controls, and regular software patching.

The detection stage involves continuously monitoring and analyzing an organization's network and systems to identify and detect potential cybersecurity incidents. This may include intrusion detection systems, security information, event management (SIEM) tools, and regular vulnerability scanning.

In the event of a security incident, response processes outline the necessary steps to contain, mitigate, and resolve the issue. This includes incident response plans, communication strategies, and coordination with law enforcement or other relevant authorities, if necessary.

Finally, recovery processes are designed to restore affected systems and services to their normal state, ensuring minimal disruption to operations. This may involve backup and restore procedures, disaster recovery plans, and post-incident evaluations to learn and improve from experience.

Cybersecurity processes should be documented, reviewed, and updated regularly to maintain effectiveness in the face of evolving threats. Training and educating employees about these processes is essential, as they are crucial in ensuring the organization's security posture.

Cybersecurity processes are indispensable to a holistic cybersecurity strategy. By integrating these processes with the other two pillars, people and technology, an organization can significantly reduce its exposure to cyber threats and maintain a robust security posture.

What Is the Technology With Cyber Security?

What are the 3 Main Pillars of Cybersecurity Internet Safety

The technology pillar in cybersecurity refers to the tools, systems, and infrastructure used to protect digital assets, networks, and information from unauthorized access, theft, or damage. This component is vital in securing an organization's data and preventing cyber threats.

Some key technologies within this domain include:

  1. Firewalls: Firewalls are a barrier between trusted internal networks and untrusted external networks, such as the Internet. They monitor incoming and outgoing traffic, allowing or blocking data packets based on predefined security rules.
  2. Antivirus and antimalware software: These applications help detect, prevent, and remove malicious software, including viruses, worms, Trojans, ransomware, and spyware. Regular updates ensure protection against the latest threats.
  3. Intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS): IDPS monitor networks for signs of malicious activity or policy violations, alerting administrators or taking automated actions to block potential threats.
  4. Encryption: Encryption involves converting data into a code to prevent unauthorized access. It is applied to data at rest (on storage devices) and in transit (during transmission over networks).
  5. Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): VPNs create secure, encrypted connections between devices and networks, allowing remote users to access internal resources without exposing data to potential eavesdropping.
  6. Multi-factor authentication (MFA): MFA adds a layer of security by requiring users to provide two or more forms of identification before gaining access to sensitive systems or data.
  7. Security Information and Event Management (SIEM): SIEM tools collect and analyze security-related data from various sources, helping organizations identify and respond to threats in real-time.
  8. Zero Trust Architecture: This approach assumes no trust by default, requiring continuous verification of user and device identity before granting access to resources.

Despite advancements in cybersecurity technology, it is crucial to remember that no single solution can guarantee complete protection. A comprehensive approach, incorporating the other two pillars of cybersecurity – people and process – is necessary to build a robust defense against evolving threats.

Ensuring staff is trained, security policies are in place, and technology is consistently updated and maintained can significantly reduce an organization's risk and increase its resilience to cyberattacks.


The three main pillars of cybersecurity – people, processes, and technology – are essential components of a robust security strategy. Implementing a comprehensive approach that balances these elements can significantly reduce an organization's vulnerability to cyber threats.

Continual training, well-defined processes, and up-to-date technology are crucial for maintaining security in an ever-evolving digital landscape. For more information on security services, visit our Security Service Page.

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