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What types of cyber-attacks and how to prevent them?


Cyber attacks are here to stay as long as the internet exists. In this article, we will give you the best tips on how to avoid each attack.

Author:Faith Cheruiyot


Cyber-attacks are real problems that are here to stay, as long as the internet. It doesn’t matter whether you are an individual, organization, or business. Cybersecurity risks will catch up with you, now or soon. With the spread of connectivity reliance and technology, it’s a sweet market for malware.

Since the internet was discovered, it has brought all sorts of risks. Some have come and gone. The cyberattacks have come in minor nuisance to major threats. So be sure and be ready. Malicious attacks are here to stay as long as the internet exists.

On the brighter side of this, no matter how scary it appears, many cyber-attacks are identifiable and preventable.

This article will outline the cybersecurity risks and attacks you are facing, or you need to be aware of and stop them.

What types of cyber-attacks and how to prevent them?

What is a cyber attack?

A cyber attack is thoughtful exploitation of your systems or network. A cyber-attack uses malicious code to compromise your PC, data or logic, and leak, hold or steal your data. 

The Most Common Cyber Attacks

  1. Phishing attacks

Phishing attacks rely on social engineering to achieve their goal. It’s an old way to attack, though. Basically, you will get an email or message requiring sensitive data like passwords, ID numbers, and many others.

These messages often appear to be official from well-known sources, but it’s not the case. It acts a bait to click on links and give out your details, thinking you are on safe, legitimate media and addresses.

How to prevent Phishing attacks

Here, the general common-sense approach is the best tool to prevent this malicious attack. One common way to know a phishing message is that they have syntax and spelling errors. Legitimate organizations and businesses don’t ask for sensitive data, so this is a sign there is a cybersecurity attack.

  1. Malware

Perhaps, this is the most common and prolific cybersecurity threat. Since the inception of the internet, it has been there for years and seems to be consistent.

Malware is when an unwanted software or program installs itself on your computer or device, causing alteration on how your device operates. This cyber-attack denies you access to your programs, spreads to other systems, steals your information, and deletes files.

 

How to prevent Malware.

Here, a proactive approach is the best way to prevent this cyber attack. Individuals, organizations, and businesses should have an updated anti-malware program installed. That’s common sense.

It is also crucial to detect malicious websites, files, and links, which attackers use to change the way your programs operate. In a nutshell, caution and anti-virus are enough to say goodbye to this cyber attack.

What types of cyber-attacks and how to prevent them?

  1. Password Theft

Have you ever tried to sign in to your account, only to find your passwords have been changed? And you say, ‘I have been hacked.’ The truth is that some malicious attack stole or guessed your password and/or details, and they are running amok with the information. It can be worse, leading to loss of data, money transfer, or other risks.

How to prevent password theft

There are several ways cybersecurity attackers can access your passwords. They can steal from unsafe locations or use social engineering to lure in, giving away your passwords. Also, they can guess or use brute force software to go round thousands of attempts.

The best way to prevent this is by two-factor authentication, where you must have another device for a complete log-in. Also, use complicated passwords which are hard to guess.

  1. DDoS

DDoS stands for Distributed Denial of Service. It’s a type of cyber attack in which malicious parties overload servers with user traffic. The server will not handle the traffic, and then the host will shut it down or reduces its performance.

How to prevent DDoS

To avoid this cyber attack, you need to identify the malicious traffic and break the access. The process can take some time if the malicious IPs are used to distribute the cybersecurity attack. Alternatively, and the best way, you can shut down the server for maintenance.

  1. Eavesdropping

This cyber-attack is also known as traffic interception. This happens when an attacker accesses the communication between the hots and the user. Often, the attacker steals logins and other valuable data, which depends on the traffic.

How to prevent traffic interception

The best proactive way to avoid this cyber risk is by avoiding websites that don’t use HTML5. Others can be compromised. Also, encrypting network traffic, like through VPN, is another better way to avoid this cyber attack.

What types of cyber-attacks and how to prevent them?

  1. Cross-Site Cyber Attack

Also known as an XSS cyber attack, it’s when a third party targets a website, especially those that don’t have any encryption. Dangerous codes are loaded on the target vulnerable site. When the user accesses the site, the payload is delivered to the attacker’s browser or system. This causes unwanted behavior. Cyber attackers use this method to steal crucial information or to disrupt the operations of your site.

How to prevent Cross-Site Cyber Attack 

The first effective prevention is from the host’s side, by encryption. You should also provide an option to turn the page scripts off to prevent payload from activating. You can also use your browser add-ons like script blocker if you like using the traditional way of controlling browser operations.

  1. Social engineering Cyber Attack

Just like Phishing, social engineering is a cyber-attack where a third party deceives you to give away your passwords and sensitive information. This can happen to any site-from social media to emails, from banks’ websites to freelance sites- name them. Cyber attackers will to any limits to make sure you fall prey.

How to prevent social engineering attack

Be cautious about opening suspicious friend requests, emails, messages, or ‘inboxes.’ Avoid giving away your details to unknown third parties.

  1. Ransomware Cyber Attack

This is a variant of malware that installs itself into your network or system. It prevents you from accessing the whole or part of your site until you make some ransom payment to the third party.

How to prevent Ransomware

It’s hard to remove ransomware when it’s installed—the best ways to prevent this to avoid malicious links and keeping your antivirus updated always. You can also consider replications or backups to be on the safe side if the ransomware can’t be resolved.

  1. Trojan Virus

This is malware that ‘pretends to be legitimate software and delivers its payload. The attackers use a trick. They notify you that your network or system has malware, and you need to scan. Unknowingly, you run the scan, which is itself malware.

How to prevent Trojan Virus

The only way to avoid this cyber attack is by not downloading executables or programs from unknown sources.

10.Crypto-jacking cyber attacks

This type of malware attempts to install into your system, which is already infected, to try to do crypto mining, a known way of getting cryptocurrency. The virus can attack any unprotected network or system. It does this because crypto mining is hardware intensive.

How to prevent Crypto Jacking

This cyber-attack is not risky and can be prevented by ensuring that all security software and apps are updated. Make sure that the firmware on your devices is updated. Crypto-jacking affected the unprotected systems only.

11.Zero-Day Attacks

These attacks are targeted to work again on your system, device, or network. They take advantage of neglected security problems. A third party causes unwanted behavior steals information, and damages data.

How to prevent Zero-Day Cyber Attacks

Have good safety habits, just like other ways of preventing common cyber attacks. This cyber-attack can run into your system for some time without being detected, and sometimes, fixing it can lead to more loopholes. Ensure all safety apps and software are updated.

What types of cyber-attacks and how to prevent them?

A final thought on Cyber Attacks

the internet and cybersecurity threats are to stay. The best way to adapt to these two realities is by understanding the attacks. Protect your systems, devices, and networks, as much as possible.