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Author: Fay Kokri
Wednesday, December 22, 2021

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet


Category: Windows 10

With all Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts, it is hard to know which one to use where. However, in this article, you will understand all the most common Windows shortcuts that you can use daily. I have simplified them in a table making it easy for you to memorize. Let's get started.

There are numerous Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts. They can be categorized into Windows key shortcuts, File Explorer shortcuts, Desktop shortcuts, Essential shortcuts, Setting page shortcuts, and Command Prompt shortcuts. The most common are Ctrl + S to save a file, Ctrl + X to cut, shift + arrow keys to select different items, Ctrl + A to select all items, Windows key + E to open windows explorer, among others. 

You will learn all the shortcuts in windows 10, what function keys do, the benefits of using keyboard shortcuts, and much more. So, read on to speed up how you use your computer keyboard by use of shortcuts. 

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

Keyboard shortcuts are various keys that you can use in place of a mouse. It is easier to operate using the key combos than the mouse.

It can sometimes be hard to know all the keyword shortcuts but instead, take time to learn about the keyboard shortcuts that you frequently use for more productivity and ease.

With the Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts, which include switching desktops, taking screenshots, copying text, and opening settings, you will perform many activities.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

Below are some helpful keyboard shortcuts you can use to operate your desktop and applications in Firefox Explorer, Desktop, Command Prompt. Each one of them has a keyboard shortcut.

  • Windows key shortcuts
  • File Explorer shortcuts
  • Desktop shortcuts
  • Essential shortcuts
  • Setting page shortcuts
  • Command Prompt shortcuts

Windows key shortcuts

The Windows key and the other keys will allow you to do more activities like file explorer Run command and launch settings. You can also take a screenshot and lock the computer, virtual desktops, and control windows.

The table below shows the standard keyboard shortcuts using the Windows key.

Keyboard shortcut

Action

Windows key + Alt +D 

Open time and Date in the Taskbar

Windows key + Ctrl + Left arrow

Change to virtual desktop on the light

Windows key +Ctrl + Right arrow

Change to virtual desktop on the right

Windows key + Left arrow key

Snap app 

Windows key + 1

Open settings

Windows key +R

Open Run command

Windows key + U

Open Ease of Access settings

Windows key

Open start menu

Windows key + S

Search 

Windows key + L

Locks computer

Windows key + G

Launch Game bar app

Windows key + E

Extend File Explorer.

Windows key + Esc

Exit fullscreen

Windows key + up arrow key

Maximizes app windows 

Windows key +Down arrow

Minimizes app windows

Windows key + spacebar

Change keyboard layout and input language

File Explorer shortcuts.

Includes keyboard shortcuts that will help you complete work in a shorter time.

The table below comprises the shortcuts for File Explorer.

Keyboard

 shortcuts

Action

Ctrl + Shift + E

Show all folders on top of the selected folders

F4

Changes focus on the address bar

F11

Switch active window full-screen mode

Alt + Right arrow key

View the next folder


Ctrl +L

Centers on the address bar

Alt + D

Selects address bar

Ctrl+Shift+N

Forms a folder on the desktop

Ctrl + F3

Start search

Ctrl + N

Open new Window

Windows key + E

Open File Explorer

Alt + P

Show preview panel

Ctrl + W

Shut active Window

F5

Restore File Explorer

Home

Scroll back to the start of Windows

F2

Reliable items you have selected

Alt + Enter

Open properties settings on selected items

End

Scroll to the end of Windows

Ctrl + Mouse scroll wheel

Change to view file or folder (appearance and size)

Desktop Shortcuts

Desktop shortcuts make it easier for you to open, close, move and do activities faster on your desktop.

Below is the list of the desktop shortcuts and their functions.

Keyboard 

shortcuts

      Activity

Alt + Left arrow

Go back

Ctrl + Shift

Change keyboard layout

Alt + Right arrow

Go forward

Ctrl + Shift + Arrow key

Select text

Shift + Arrow keys

Select several items 

Windows key + M

Minimize windows

Windows key + Q

Open search

Windows + Tab

Extend Taskbar

Window key + P

Project settings

Windows + A

Open Action center

Windows + Left arrow key

Snap app

Windows + Right arrow key 

Window right

Windows key + Ctrl + ESC

Start menu

F10

App menu bar

Windows key + Alt + D

Open time and Date in Taskbar

Windows key + Ctrl +D

Form a new virtual desktop.

Essential shortcuts

If you are a Windows user by now, you should be familiar with the following essential keyboard shortcuts.

Keyboard 

 shortcuts

              Activity 

Windows key + E

Open File Explorer

Ctrl +A

Choose all items

Ctrl + Shift + N

Open a new folder on the desktop

Ctrl + D

Delete selected content to recycle bin

Prtscn 

Screenshot and keep in the clipboard

Window key + A

Action center

ESC

Close task

Shift + Delete

Deleted chosen content permanently

Ctrl + Z

Reverse an activity

F2

Relabel an item (selected)

Windows key + D

Show and hide desktop

Windows key + L

Lock device

Windows key + Left arrow

Window left, snapp app

Windows key + PrtScn

Take a full screenshot in the screenshot folder

Setting Page Shortcuts

The following are the keyboard shortcuts you can use:

Keyboard

shortcuts

    Activity

Shift + Tab

Moves back to settings

Tab

Go forward all over in the settings

spacebar

Clear options focused

Arrow keys

Choose a button of active setting

Shift + tab 

It goes back all over the settings

Ctrl + Tab

Revolves forward all over the tabs

Ctrl + Shift + Tab

Revolves back all over the tabs

Command prompt shortcuts

These shortcuts will help you handle tasks efficiently if you are using Command prompt on your Windows 10

Keyboard 

shortcut

Activity

Ctrl + F

Open search

Ctrl + M

Establish mark mode

Ctrl + V + Shift + Insert

Paste item from the clipboard

Left, right arrow keys

Moves cursor in both directions

Ctrl + up arrow key

Directs the screen up

Ctrl + C 

Copy chosen items to the clipboard.

Ctrl + A

Selects content on the line

Page Down

Directs cursor down a page

Ctrl + End

Convolve to the end of the Window

Ctrl + Home

Convolve to the top 

Ctrl + Down arrow key

Moves the screen down

Up and down arrow keys 

Revolve all over current command history.

How do I set up keyboard shortcuts in Windows 10?

You do not need a mouse to open up your Windows app, and it is a waste of time and unnecessary strain on yourself and your hand. However, creating keyboard shortcuts on your Windows 10 will come in handy. It is easy and faster.

Below are ways that Windows 10 allows you to create the keyboard shortcuts:

Creating a Desktop Shortcut

  • Search for the Command Prompt Window on the search box and choose Run as administrator

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • At the Command Prompt, type explorer shell: AppsFolder and enter. It will display several apps.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Select an application and Right-click, and select create a shortcut.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • You will be asked if you want to create the shortcut on the desktop. Click the Yes option.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Right-click on the App and choose Properties.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Feed-in the key shortcuts in the shortcut key box. It should be Ctrl + Alt + the letter symbol of the application. For this case, it is Mail. Therefore the combination will be Ctrl + Alt + M.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet
Click OK.

Using the Start Menu

If your application is not on the taskbar below your screen:

  •  Then, go to the Start menu.
  • Right-click on the application you want to pin on the taskbar.
  • On the menu displayed, select “more”, then click on add to taskbar
  • The application will be displayed on your taskbar.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • After your application is on the taskbar:
  • Right-click on the application of your choice.
  • Two options will appear the “unpin from taskbar” and the application's name.
  • Right-click on the name of the application

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Then Left-click on properties.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Click on the shortcut key box.
  • Feed-in your keyboard shortcut combinations
  • Then click OK

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

How can You Benefit from Keyboard shortcuts?

Keyboard shortcuts play a significant role in your windows, and the following are their benefits:

  • First, you can easily access your icons without searching.
  • Second, it is easy making it simple to use a computer.
  • Third, keyboard shortcuts are available in large numbers.
  • Acts as a backup if you fail to find an icon.
  • You get to practice more on how to use a keyboard.

NOTE:

You can also customize shortcuts for any program of your choice on any computer. You will not strain to try to locate icons and programs you use.

You will need a keyboard to operate on your computer. For example, you will be able to type in content in a document, access open system settings, add brightness on your screen, add volume, and more with your keyboard. Your keyboard has buttons that perform different functions. For instance, the Function Keys labeled F1-F12 at the top of your keyboard. Each one of them has functionedTaskbar as listed above.

How do I turn on keyboard shortcuts?

How Do I Turn on Keyboard Shortcuts?

Unless you turn them on, the keyboard shortcut will not work. And how can you turn the shortcuts on?

  •  Go to the settings of your desired icon.
  • Choose settings.
  • Look for the keyboard shortcuts slot.
  • Then Click the Keyboard shortcuts ON button.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Click save changes after turning on the keyboard shortcuts.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

Once you are done with the settings, you will go back to your inbox. When the keyboard shortcuts get enabled,

After the keyboard settings have been enabled, you will be able to use the shortcut keys. You will come across many keyboard shortcuts in your email.

The table below contains activities you carry out in your inbox and the keyboard shortcuts.

Activity

Keyboard shortcut

Archive 

E

Mark as Read

Shift + I

Select Conversation

X

Delete

#

Return to List

U

Forward

f

Reply

R

Open message

O

Mute conversation

M

If you want to access your inbox directly, press G together with the correct shortcut key

Skip To

Keyboard Shortcut

Drafts 

G, afterwards D

All mail

G, then A

Select a Label

G, followed by L

Starred Conversations

G, then S

Tasks

G, then K

Inbox

G, afterwards I

How Do I turn off Keyboard Shortcuts?

Despite the keyboard shortcuts being practical and easy to operate on, they can slow you down a few times, and you will be forced to disable them.

Here are the steps to turn them off through the Group Policy Editor.

  • At the bottom of your screen, there is the search icon. Click on it.
  • Search for edit group policy and enter. It will open the Local Group Policy Editor window.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Click on User Configuration and choose Administrative Template.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • From the Administrative Templates, click on Windows Components
  • Click File Explorer

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

  • Click on the File Explorer to open the submenu. Then scroll down to search for “Turn off Windows Key Hotkeys and double click on it.
  •  Click on Disable, select Apply, and click on OK to save your new changes.

 Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

Exit the GroupPolicy Editor Window for windows to restart for the changes to be effective.  

What do the function keys do on Windows 10?

The Function keys on your computer labeled F1 to F12 play specific functions. You can combine them with Ctrl or the Alt keys.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

Below is a list of the function keys and their functions.

F1

  • The function key F1 is used as a help key in most programs. When pressed, it opens the help page.
  •  Windows key + F1 directs you to the Microsoft Window help and support center. 
  • It also opens the Taskbar.

F2

  • It renames all the highlighted applications and folders
  • In Microsoft Excel, it does the editing of active cell
  • When Alt + Ctrl + F2 is pressed, it opens a document in Microsoft Word.
  • Ctrl + F2 to show print preview in Microsoft Word.

F3

  • Ctrl + F3 lowers all highlighted lines in Microsoft Word.
  • You can open a search in any program using F3.
  • You can change all the uppercase texts in Word to lowercase, or you can capitalize every letter at the beginning of the word by pressing Shift + F3
  • If you are using Mac, it opens Mission Control.

F4

  • You can close the active tabs in Microsoft Windows by pressing Ctrl + F4
  • It opens the address bar in the Windows Explorer
  • Closes an active program in Microsoft Windows when you enter Alt + F4.

F5

  • It stars a slideshow in PowerPoint
  • Ctrl + F5 completely refreshes a page or the document window
  • Refreshes contents in a file
  • You can also use F5 to find or go to Microsoft Word

F6

  • Pressing Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens a Microsoft Word document
  • If you want to move the cursor to the address bar in any browser

F7

  • Mostly you use F7 to check on your spelling and grammar in Microsoft Word
  • It also turns on your browser in Mozilla Firefox

F8

  • You use it to enter the startup menu in Windows.
  • In some computers, you can use the F8 to reach the Windows recovery system
  • If your computer is Mac, the F8 function key shows a thumbnail image in all workspaces

F9

  • You can send and receive your emails in Microsoft outlook
  • If you are a user of macOS, the F9 shows a thumbnail of each Window in every workspace.
  • If you press F9 and Fn one, it will open the Mission Control on a Mac computer.
  • It also refreshes documents in Microsoft Word.

F10

  • Pressing Shift + F10 is similar to when you Right-click on a highlighted file or application.
  • You can activate the menu bar by pressing the F10 key of an open icon.
  • In some computers, it enters the CMOS setup.
  • Using a Mac, it displays the open Windows on an active program.

F11

  • It displays the desktop and hides the open windows in the MacOs.'
  • Enters and exits fullscreen.
  • It accesses all hidden recovery partitions on Lenovo computers.

F12

  • This function key has more functions in Microsoft Word.
  • Ctrl + S opens a document in File Explorer.
  • Ctrl + Shift + F12 prints a document with default settings
  • In the same way that ctrl + S acts, Shift + F12 saves the document from File Explorer.
  • You can also use the key to open developer tools in any web browser.
  • You can use it to access the bootable devices before your device boots up.

Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts cheat sheet

In some computers, laptops, or small-sized keyboards, the function keys play different functions like increasing and decreasing the brightness of your screen, adding and reducing volume, hotspot. In such a case, an Fn key is there to press it for the other keys to do their intended functions.

Conclusion

Having an explicit knowledge of keyboard shortcuts is beneficial. You will have a smooth workflow and increased productivity in your Windows 10. You will be in a position to switch between Windows, multitask on virtual desktops, minimize windows, find files and documents using Windows File Explorer.

For the shortcut keys to perform, you will use the Alt key, Ctrl key, or Shift key together with the other keys. If you are using macOS, use Command.

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